Sunday, December 31, 2017

Lion dies at Lucknow zoo

IANS  |  Lucknow 
The Ali Shah zoo here lost one of its oldest inmates - an on Saturday, officials said.
The 21-year-old lion, named Prince, was not keeping well for sometime. Its death came as a blow to the zoo authorities as only a month back, white tiger Aryan had also passed away.
"was not keeping well for sometime now and had developed some infections. We tried out best but could not save him," said a All zoo keepers and attendants bid a tearful adieu to the lion. The big cat's personal keeper Mubarak Ali, moved to tears, called it an "irreparable loss".
(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

Proposed ‘wolf breeding centre’ at Nahargarh hanging fire for 3 years

In 2014, the state forest department had proposed to convert the animal rescue centre, spread over five acres at the Nahargarh Park, into a wolf breeding centre to augment the wolf population.

jaipur Updated: Dec 28, 2017 20:57 IST
HT Correspondent

London Zoo lion family is so inbred that two out three cubs are dying: Pride are all descended from small group of 'founders' that shared the same grandparents Read more: Follow us: @MailOnline on Twitter | DailyMail on Facebook

  • Lions at London Zoo are descended from 'founders' brought to Europe in the 90s
  • London's lions are all part of the European Endangered breeding programme
  • But the programme is being questioned with 70 per cent of cubs dying 
The lions at London Zoo are part of a breeding programme in which 70 per cent of cubs are dying, a study has found.
The lions are all descended from a very small number of ‘founders’ brought over to Europe in the 1990s.
But the ‘extremely high degree of genetic similarity’ of the founders’ offspring is ‘detrimental’ to their health, according to researchers.
Lions at London Zoo are at risk as they are part of a breeding programme in which 70 per cent of cubs are dying
Lions at London Zoo are at risk as they are part of a breeding programme in which 70 per cent of cubs are dying
The European Endangered breeding programme was set up to save the Asiatic lion in the mid-1990s.
The idea was to have a pool of pure Asiatic lions that could be reintroduced to India if the species became locally extinct.
Nine founder lions were brought to Europe, of which four went to London Zoo, while the rest went to Helsinki and Zurich zoos. And even these ‘founders’ were already highly related – with six of the lions sharing the same grandparents.
In December 2009 the EEP population of Asian lions had risen to 93 individuals across 34 zoos. But the study found 68.4 per cent of cubs from this family were dying at birth or shortly afterwards.
Some 57 lions were born between 2007 and 2009. Of these 39 died after birth, of which 35 died within 20 days, three within two months and one was euthanased at four years old.
The report in the journal Mammalian Biology said the breeding programme at the zoo was ‘not viable’ long term. There are currently four lions at London Zoo. Dr Paul O’Donoghue, one of the report’s authors, said the high number of deaths called into question the zoos’ lion conservation programme.
The Land of the Lion enclosure in London Zoo is designed to like an Indian village where the animals live in the wild
The Land of the Lion enclosure in London Zoo is designed to like an Indian village where the animals live in the wild
The geneticist at the University of Chester said: ‘Sixty per cent of lion cubs [are dying]. There are situations where they’ve bred the grandfathers with the granddaughters. This shows that the concept that zoos are conservation tools is completely false. This research blows that idea apart.’
The report said the death rate was much too high considering the lions had access to top grade veterinary care.
There were 523 Asiatic lions in the wild at the last count – a species much rarer than the better known African lion.
The EEP lions are so closely related, the report said, that further matings were not advisable. It suggested new lions from India need to be added to the breeding programme to ensure the ‘long-term viability of the offspring’.
Malcolm Fitzpatrick, curator of mammals for ZSL (Zoological Society of London) said: ‘We welcome this study and the advancements in science that will assist in the conservation breeding of Asiatic lions and other endangered species in zoos throughout Europe and India.
‘[It] may also assist with management of isolated populations in the wild that themselves have limited genetic variability.’

Asiatic lioness dies in Mysuru city zoo

By Express News Service  |   Published: 28th December 2017 02:25 AM  |  
File photo of Ranitha, the Asiatic lioness at Sri Chamarajendra Zoological Gardens
MYSURU: IN what may hit the breeding of endangered species of Asiatic lions for sometime, an asiatic lioness died at Sri Chamarajendra Zoological Gardens, popularly known as Mysuru Zoo, on Wednesday. Ranitha, the big cat aged seven and half years, was found injured on right and left shoulders, after a fight with her companion Shourya on October 26. Following this, it had stopped taking food.
Veterinarians collected blood samples and found that the animal was also suffering from generalised infection. Even after the treatment was launched, the animal did not show any improvement, besides going off the feed. Blood samples were collected again along with samples of swab, lacrimal and nasal that were sent to Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Hyderabad. The report is awaited. Zoo executive director C Ravishankar said the incident occurred a day after they were released for mating in the off-exhibited area. The animal was brought from Sakkarbaugh Zoo in Junagadh, Gujarat, a year ago in October, under an animal exchange programme.
While the female was brought from Sakkarbaugh, there were also plans to bring a male from Rajkot Zoo 10 months ago. It was intended at breeding endangered species at the menagerie. A pair of lion had been brought from Sakkarbaugh five years ago. Gowri, the lioness, delivered a cub after sometime which did not survive. Following the death of Ranitha, the zoo has been left with four lions- Shourya and Gauri both pure bred Asiatic species and Rakshita and Darshan, the cross bred animals.

2-month-old lion cub treated for blisters, released into forest

| Dec 23, 2017, 04:00 IST
The lion cub being treated by veterinary doctorThe lion cub being treated by veterinary doctor
Rajkot: A two-month-old lion cub that had developed blisters on its body was treated by forest officials on Thursday night in Goba village of Savarkundla forest division in Amreli district.
The cub was first spotted by a villager, who informed the forest officials. However, it took forest officials couple of days to track down the cub. They found three cubs with two lioness in the farm of Dilu Khuman in Goba village of Savarkundla taluka. The forest officials had a tough time separating the cub from its mother for treatment.

Deputy conservator of forest, Gir (East), T Karuppasamy told TOI, "After 4-5 days we were able to separate the injured cub from the mother. The blisters on the cub were naturally caused due to some infection."

Get up-claws with Kankaria zoo’s new attractions

The Kankaria zoo got two new guests on Friday: Shreya, an Asiatic lioness, and a white Bengal tigress who is still to be named. The animals, both aged around three-and-ahalf years, have been brought from Rajkot zoo as part of Central Zoo Authority’s exchange project. Kankaria zoo has given 74 birds and reptiles including four Indian rock pythons, two Indian cobras, four rosy pelicans to the Rajkot zoo. Zoo superintendent RK Sahoosaid, “We have a pair of Asiatic lions (Ambar and Janki) and a pair of tigers (Pratap and Ananya). We will breed the new tigress with Pratap as he is a white gene carrier. We will also breed Ambar with Shreya for lion cubs.”

Lions prey on cow in Gir-Somnath village

One of the large cats preying on the cow in the village on TuesdayOne of the large cats preying on the cow in the village on Tuesday
Rajkot: Nearly 10 lions trespassed the Rampar village of Talala taluka in Gir-Somnath district on Tuesday and preyed on a cow triggering panic among villagers.
According to villagers, it was a pride of lion which included a few cubs that were seen moving around in the village during the night.

They had first entered the mango orchard which is 3km from Rampara village. Eyewitnesses said that a couple of wild cats stopped at the entrance while others entered the village.

Less Than 50 Asiatic Cheetahs Left in Iran: Conservations

  • Asiatic cheetah

     Conservationists believe that fewer than 50 of these 'big cats' remain in existence – all in Iran. The problem is compounded by the Iranian government cutting the budget of its department of the environment, which has responsibility for protecting the country’s threatened animals.

  • The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) swept in to absorb the Asiatic cheetah conservation project. But, Anne Marie Carlsen, UNDP deputy resident representative recently announced that Iran will be required to reassume conservatorship, since the organization would not be extending its support beyond Dec.
    “Lack of funding means extinction for the Asiatic cheetah, I’m afraid,” Iranian conservationist Jamshid Parchizadeh said.
    In 2014, the Iranian national football team brought attention to the cheetahs by adding images of the animal to their World Cup and Asian Cup kits. Also, August 31, 2017, was declared national Cheetah Day.
    “Iran has already suffered from the loss of the Asiatic lion and the Caspian tiger. Now we are about to see the Asiatic cheetah go extinct as well,” Parchizadeh added.
    Asiatic cheetahs, which have a fawn-colored coat, black spots on its head and neck and distinctive black 'tear marks,' are slightly smaller and paler than its African cousin.
    “There were three main protected areas in which we used to find cheetahs,” according to Urs Breitenmoser of the Cat Specialist Group.
    “There are now none left in the western area, at Kavir, while in the southern region the animals are too thinly spread for enough to meet and breed. Only in the north, around Touran and Miandasht, are there any signs that there are enough cheetahs to maintain a population.”
    The animals inhabited several Asian countries. In India, the cats were extinct as a result of being hunted for sport as well as farmers.
    “There have been all sorts of threats to the Asiatic cheetah,” conservation biologist Sam Williams, of South Africa's University of Venda, said. “For example, they are hunted and killed by local herders – of sheep and goats – because cheetahs will occasionally kill and eat one of their animals.”
    “Iran has faced heavy international economic sanctions since 1980, and international agencies have been encountering a lot of problems transferring money into the country for many years,” said Williams. “The crucial point is that that money could have been used for the implementation of conservation strategies.”
    In a joint letter to Nature, Parchizadeh and Williams warned that without the UNDP’s support, there is little hope for the Asiatic cheetah.
    “Management of the project will now fall mainly to Iran’s department of the environment, the head of which has declared the cheetah ‘doomed to extinction’ on the basis of its declining numbers since 2001. We urge Iran’s government not to give up on cheetah conservation,” the letter read.
    Iran’s Department of Environment (DOE) has presented a $375,000 budget proposal to Budget and Planning Organization for Asiatic cheetah conservation plans.
    Cheetahs are the fastest land animals on Earth.