- Panthera leo leo, the Barbary Lion. Originally found from Morocco to Egypt. Now extinct.
- Panthera leo persica, the Persian or Asiatic Lion. Originally found from Turkey to Pakistan, now only 400 are left in the wild, near Gir Forest in India.
- Panthera leo senegalensis, the West African Lion. Found from Senegal to the Central African Republic.
- Panthera leo azandica, the Congo Lion. Found in the northeastern parts of the Congo.
- Panthera leo nubica, the Masai or Tsavo Lion. Found from Ethiopia to Mozambique.
- Panthera leo bleyenberghi, the Katanga Lion. Found from Namibia to Zimbabwe.
- Panthera leo krugeri, the Transvaal Lion. Found in southeastern Africa.
- Panthera leo melanochaita, the Cape Lion. Found along the Cape. Now Extinct.